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Using Verbs

The verb is perhaps the most important part of the sentence. A verb or compound verb asserts something about the subject of the sentence and expresses actions, events, or states of being.
Compound Verbs
You construct a compound verb out of an auxiliary verb and another verb.
Auxiliary Verbs
The most common auxiliary verbs are "be," "do," and "have", and you may also use these verbs on their own. You use "Will" and "shall" to express future time.
Transitive and Intransitive Verbs
Depending on the type of object they take, verbs may be transitive, intransitive, or linking.
Linking Verbs
A linking verb connects a subject to a subject complement which identifies or describes the subject, as in the following sentences:
A verbal is a noun or adjective formed from a verb. Writers sometimes make mistakes by using a verbal in place of a verb, and in very formal writing, by confusing different types of verbals. This section covers three different verbals: the participle (which acts as an adjective), the gerund (which acts as a noun), and the infinitive (which also acts as a noun).
Forming and Using Verb Tenses
English speakers form many verb tenses by combining one of principal parts of the verb with one or more auxiliary verbs.
Frequently-Confused Verbs
Writers often confuse the verb pairs "lie" and "lay" and "sit" and "set".
Using Verb Moods
A verb may be in one of three moods: the indicative mood, the imperative mood, and the subjunctive mood.
Using Verb Tenses
A verb indicates the time of an action, event or condition by changing its form. Through the use of a sequence of tenses in a sentence or in a paragraph, it is possible to indicate the complex temporal relationship of actions, events, and conditions.
Using Verb Tenses in Sequence
Using verbs in correct sequence is often difficult, especially for those people whose cradle tongue is not English or whose cradle tongue does not uses a similar tense system. The situation is further complicated by the fact that context, idiom, and style play as large a role in determining tense sequence as grammatical rules.

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